Your reading for today focused on the challenges of democracy in Africa. We can touch base on the Nigeria story, but the country of South Africa will be our focus for today. In particular, we'll examine the system of apartheid that was in place for decades. After that, we'll consider the threat AIDS is posing in many areas of the world by considering the case study of sub-Saharan Africa.
- How did apartheid work?
- What was the damage done by apartheid?
- How was apartheid opposed? (Internally? Externally?)
- How was the system of apartheid dismantled?
- 1948 - National Party institutes apartheid
- 1950 - race classification, Group Areas Act passed, ANC banned
- 1960 - Sharpeville Massacre
- 1964 - Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment
- 1976 - Soweto Uprising - 600 killed
- 1977 - Stephen Biko killed in police custody
- 1980s - international pressure increases
- 1986 - state of emergency
- 1989 - F.W. de Klerk becomes president
- 1990 - Mandela released, ANC unbanned
- 1994 - Mandela elected president in free elections
- Why has AIDS hit Sub-Saharan Africa so heavily?
- What might be done to slow the epidemic?
- Should (or how should) the outside world help in dealing with the effects of the epidemic?
Here is the 2009 report of the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. There are a lot of links to statistics and resources.
"Death Stalks a Continent" - Time, (2001) - As the front page says, "This is a story about AIDS in Africa. Look at the pictures. Read the words. And then try not to care."
If you want some straight-forward information, the Global Issues - AIDS in Africa site is a good one to use.
"Worldwide AIDS epidemic slowing, says UN" - The Guardian, July 29, 2008. This is one of many articles suggesting that the epidemic may be slowing. (Don't confuse that with being cured.)
"FRONTLINE: The Age of AIDS" - This 2006 PBS site looks at the worldwide aspects. The timeline and map features are both interesting.